Quality Evaluation of Ground Water from Borewell for Its Drinking and Agricultural Use

Raghvendra M. Ramanuj, V. Vijaykumar, Sunita Varjani



Ground water is charming and distinct consideration as it has turned out to be a life-threatening resource for socio-economic progress of any country. However, it is catering a fore most bit of the demand from domestic, irrigation and industrial sectors in India. Unplanned and fast-tracked development is creating alarm among scientists, users and policy makers. The main fear is the exhausting resources volumetrically, and lowering of water levels. Ground water is the back bone of drinking water supply in rural areas as well as supplement supply in urban areas, one more momentous concern is quality of ground water which is influenced by nature and extent of rock-water interaction, formations and varying climatic conditions. Due to ground water contamination it become non-potable as exceeds the limits prescribed by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). Mundra taluka lies in coastal area of Kachchh. Present study of pH, Electrical conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Nitrate (NO3-) and Fluoride (F-) was conducted to assess suitability of groundwater for irrigation and domestic purpose by comparing with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Indian standards. The sample analysis reveals that groundwater is not entirely fit for drinking with respect to pH, TDS and F-. In some of collected samples; concentrations of these parameters exceed the permissible limits of WHO and Indian standards.

Keywords: Groundwater quality; physiochemical; BIS; Mundra; Kachchh